2.21. Tangible fixed assets

Tangible fixed assets are carried at historical cost reduced by accumulated depreciation and accumulated impairment losses. Historical cost takes into account the expenses directly attached to the acquisition of the respective assets.

Subsequent costs are included in the asset’s carrying amount or are recognised as a separate asset, as appropriate, only where it is probable that future economic benefits associated with the item will flow to the Group and the cost of the item can be measured reliably. Any other expenses incurred on repairs and maintenance are expensed to the income statement in the reporting period in which they were incurred.

Land is not depreciated. Depreciation of other fixed assets is accounted for according to the straight line method in order to spread their initial value reduced by the residual value over the period of their useful life which is estimated as follows for the particular categories of fixed assets:

- Buildings and structures  25-40 years,
- Equipment 2-10 years,
- Vehicles  5 years,
- Information technology hardware  2-5 years,
- Investments in third party fixed assets 10-40 years, no longer when the period of the lease contract,
- Office equipment, furniture  5-10 years.
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Land and buildings consist mainly of branch outlets and offices. Residual values, estimated useful life periods and depreciation method are verified at the end of the reporting period and adjusted accordingly as the need arises prospectively.

Group assesses at the end of each reporting period whether there is any indication that tangible asset may be impaired. If any such indication exists, the Group estimates the recoverable amount of the asset. The value of a fixed asset carried in the statement of financial position is reduced to the level of its recoverable value if the carrying value in the statement of financial position exceeds the estimated recoverable amount. The recoverable value is the higher of two amounts: the fair value of the fixed asset reduced by its selling costs and the value in use.

If it is not possible to estimate the recoverable amount of the individual asset, the Group shall determine the recoverable amount of the cash-generating unit to which the asset belongs (cash-generating unit of the asset).

The carrying amount of tangible fixed assets is derecognised on disposal or when no future economic benefits are expected from its use or disposal. The gain or loss arising from from the derecognition of tangible fixed assets are included in profit or loss when the item is derecognised. Gains are not classified as revenue.

Gains and losses on account of the disposal of fixed assets are determined by comparing the proceeds from their sale against their carrying value in the statement of financial position and they are recognised in the income statement.