Repo and reverse-repo transactions are defined as selling and purchasing securities for which a commitment has been made to repurchase or resell them at a contractual date and for a specified contractual price and are recognised when the money is transferred.
Securities sold with a repurchase clause (repos/sell buy back) are reclassified in the financial statements as pledged assets if the entity receiving them has the contractual or customary right to sell or pledge them as collateral security. The liability towards the counterparty is recognised as amounts due to other banks, deposits from other banks, other deposits or amounts due to customers, depending on its nature. Securities purchased together with a resale clause (reverse repos/buy sell back) are recognised as loans and advances to other banks or other customers, depending on their nature.
When concluding a repo or reverse repo transaction, mBank S.A. Group sells or buys securities with a repurchase or resale clause specifying a contractual date and price. Such transactions are presented in the statement of financial position as financial assets held for trading or as investment financial assets, and also as liabilities in the case of ‘sell-buy-back’ transactions and as receivables in the case of ‘buy-sell-back’ transactions.
Securities borrowed by the Group are not recognised in the financial statements, unless they are sold to third parties. In such case the purchase and sale transactions are recorded with a gain or a loss included in trading income. The obligation to return them is recorded at fair value as amounts due to customers. Securities borrowed under “buy-sell-back” transactions and then lent under “sell-buy-back” transactions are not recognised as financial assets.
As a result of “sell-buy-back” transactions concluded on securities held by the Group, financial assets are transferred in such way that they do not qualify for derecognition. Thus, the Group retains substantially all risks and rewards of ownership of the financial assets.